Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
CBT is simple, practical, structured and goal focussed. It is based on the idea that the way we feel is affected by our thinking and how we behave. It focuses on the 'here and now' problems. Instead of focusing on the causes of your distress or symptoms in the past. It looks for ways to improve your state of mind on a daily basis. A CBT therapist will help you make sense of overwhelming problems by breaking them down into smaller parts.
When faced with a distressing situation, your thoughts about a certain situation can often affect how you feel both physically and emotionally, as well as how you act in response. If you interpret a situation negatively then you might experience negative emotions as a result, and those bad feelings might then lead you to behave in a certain way. If your negative interpretation of situations goes unchallenged, then these patterns in your thoughts, feelings and behaviour can become part of a continuous negative vicious cycle where you have negative thoughts and respond in unhelpful behaviours and things get worse and worse. That is when CBT can help you break the circle by changing how you think ('Cognitive') and what you do ('Behaviour). Our CBT therapist will help you stop negative cycles such as these by breaking down things that make you feel sad or anxious so that your problems are more manageable and improve the way you feel.
When is CBT used?
CBT has been shown to be an effective way of treating a number of different mental health conditions such as:
Depression, anxiety disorders e.g. obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), phobias. Also other conditions such as eating disorders, sleep problems, problems related to alcohol/drug misuse, long-term health conditions to help people cope better with their symptoms, chronic pain, anger management.